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The climate in Bulgaria

Bulgaria is generally within the moderate temperate zone. The country can be conditionally divided into two climatic zones. The separator for these areas is considered the Balkan Mountains. A cold winter in North Bulgaria, while the South climate is generally milder. Winter temperatures range from 0 ° to 7 ° C. In rare cases, temperatures drop to minus 20 ° C. Typical continental climate is variable in the spring.  The summers are hot and sweltering in Northern Bulgaria, especially along the Danube river. The southern Bulgaria is defined by the waves of the Mediterranean. Summer there does not reach such extreme temperatures as along the Danube and in Dobrudja, while maintaining moderate about 28 ¬ - 30 ° C. Peak temperatures are in Rousse and Silistra, where the thermometer sometimes appears above 35 ° C. Autumn is mild and pleasant.   In autumn, as a rule more rain falls than in spring. Rainiest months are May, October and November.
Naturally high mountains temperatures are reduced in proportion to the altitude. There are certain climatic zones, conducive to the development of one or other rare plant species and crops. A typical example is the sub-Balkan valley, referred to Rose Valley, some areas in the Rhodope Mountains, where the unique flower of Orpheus grows, the region of Sandanski famous with olives   and citrus plants, and others.
Interesting areas are Sofia Plain, the region of Sliven and Varna, with strong winds almost all year. While in the first two cases the determination is their proximity to the mountain passes and through which the wind blows constantly,  Varna  is influenced by the special microclimate of the bay of Varna and the Black Sea air currents from the north.
Summer in the Black Sea coast is relatively warm and winters mild ¬ average January temperatures range from about 0,8 ° C   to 3,4 ° C   July temperatures are around 22 ¬ - 24 ° C. Average amplitudes are relatively low ¬ 20 ¬ 21 ° C. The warm period is the highest in the country ¬ from April to November. In northern coast rainfall averages are the lowest in the country (  Durankulak ¬ 438 mm,   Balchik ¬ 440 mm). South rainfall reaches 500 ¬ - 600 mm, and in some places even more. Rainfalls in the north are late spring and early summer maximum, while in the south ¬   winter maximum. The snow is rare  and for a short time ¬ only  a few days. Winds during most of the year are west and northwest, often in the winter and summer  . The most typical for the area breeze is blowing during the  day from sea to land, and at night ¬ vise versa. The climate favors primarily agriculture (vineyards, orchards, crops, etc.). and tourism.

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